Cricket is a modern day sport performed between two teams. Each crew has eleven players. The game is played on an oval or spherical shaped ground which has an oblong 22 yard long pitch at the center. One group bats to attain as many runs as possible. The opposite crew stops the run stream by dismissing the batsmen. A run is scored when a batsman hits the ball with his bat, runs to opposite end of pitch and touches the crease there without being dismissed.
There are three formats of the game:
a) Test Cricket
b) One Day Cricket
The oldest type of cricket is Test Cricket. The game of cricket actually evolved with Test Cricket. Records show that first ever test match was played between Australia and England in the yr 1876-77. The game of cricket has come an extended way since then. The foundations have changed a lot. A test match is performed over a period of 5 days with each crew batting and bowling twice. Maximum over that may be bowled in a day is 90 while there isn’t any limit on the number of over a single bowler can bowl. Over 2000 test matches have been performed till date.
There are 9 test enjoying nations which are full members of International Cricket Council – The Worldwide Cricket Governing body. These members are Australia, Bangladesh, England, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka and West Indies.
One Day International
Limited over cricket was introduced in England in the year 1963. Internationally, the primary limited over game was performed in the yr 1971. One game is performed in one day. A bowler can bowl a most of 10 over’s in a game. In 1975, a new tournament known as World cup came into existence. All Worldwide Cricket Council members gathered at one place for a series of matches towards each other. The winners of tournament were termed as World Champions.
World cup is played after each four years. ICC has carried out 10 world cups till date. Australia turned champions 4 occasions, West Indies and India twice while Pakistan and Sri Lanka once. The last world cup was held in the year 2011 and was won by India.
The latest evolution within the game of cricket is twenty-twenty. Right here, every staff plays 20 overs and a bowler can bowl a maximum of 4 overs. First international Twenty-twenty game was played within the year 2005 between Australia and New Zealand. First twenty-twenty world cup was held in 2007. The tournament is performed every two years and twenty-twenty world champions are crowned. 20 worldwide teams have performed the game till date.
Even after a hundred years of its existence, the popularity of game remains to be increasing. More and more people are taking up this sport. It’s only second to Football when it comes to followers around the globe and is about to submit a challenge for the highest slot very soon.
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